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Author Topic: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN  (Read 7969 times)

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Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« on: April 06, 2014, 06:12:22 PM »
CAMP HALLEIN

From one person's history of his grandfather's WWII service:

"Hallein was the site of a work camp annex to the Dachau concentration camp but when my grandfather's regiment 242nd liberated it, the US Army used it as a prisoner camp. My grandfather spent much of his time overseas guarding prisoners in Hallein once the war ended. Hallein is a town in the Austrian state of Salzburg. Hallein was the site of a work camp annex to the Dachau concentration camp but when my grandfather's regiment 242nd liberated it, the US Army used it as a prisoner camp. My grandfather spent much of his time overseas guarding prisoners in Hallein once the war ended."




The Hallein camp was first a Nazi slave labor camp, then held Germans taken prisoner by Americans at the end of the war and then served as the Beth Israel camp for Jewish Displaced Persons (DPs) until 1956 (and even as a DP camp was described as "An absolutely indescribable hellhole").

The commonly used description of Hallein as "a work camp annex to the Dachau concentration camp" appears to have been used first in the book The Girl from Sighet by Hindi Rothbart, P'nenah Goldstein, the story of a DP family that went through Hallein.

Hallein as a Nazi labor camp does get some mention in various books including Against all hope: resistance in the Nazi concentration camps, 1938-1945. It and other books include some version of the story of one particular Hallein inmate:

"Josef "Sepp" Plieseis (December 20, 1913 - 21 October 1966) was an Austrian resistance fighter against the Nazi regime.

Plieseis was born in Bad Ischl and became a young member of the Socialist movement. He volunteered to fight in the Spanish Civil War, where he was wounded twice. He was arrested in France and incarcerated in concentration camps in Gurs, St. Cyprienne, und Argiles before returning to his home in Salzkammergut. He was arrested at the border by the Nazi authorities and sent to Linz, then Dachau, and finally to Dachau's annex in Hallein.

He managed to escape from this camp and hid in the forests and mountains of his native area. He helped organize resistance activities based on his experience that persisted until the Nazi surrender and American occupation in 1945."

While Hallein was called a "work annex" to Dachau, a more proper term would be forced or slave labor camp. It was one of 95 "subcamps" associated with the Dacahu concentration camp complex and Hallein itself appears on lists of Nazi concentration camps.

We do know that the Hallein salt caves were used by the Nazis to store records of Himmler's "medical experiments" on concentration camp inmates and to store thousands of artworks looted under Goering. It could be imagined that the inmates of the Hallein camp worked in those caves.

Swiss members of the Waffen SS were sent to Hallein for special training as part of a Nazi plan to set up an SS police corps for the takeover of Switzerland (from The Swiss and the Nazis - by Stephen P. Halbrook).

Interestingly, some residents of Hallein in modern times have tried to say that there was no Nazi labor in their town during WWII.

While Hallein is a bit of an historical footnote compared to such infamous concentration camps as Dachau, there are few artifacts from it and the literally thousands of other labor camps that operated in Germany and Nazi-occupied lands and, as such, a scale model of the Hallein camp is a part of world history and especially Holocaust history. The camp's post-war use as a DP camp further adds to the importance of the Hallein camp model.
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Offline Jack's son

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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #1 on: April 06, 2014, 06:12:49 PM »
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And once by God, I was a Marine!
—Actor Lee Marvin, circa, 1967, about serving in WW II

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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #2 on: April 06, 2014, 06:13:17 PM »
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—Actor Lee Marvin, circa, 1967, about serving in WW II

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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #3 on: April 06, 2014, 06:13:39 PM »
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—Actor Lee Marvin, circa, 1967, about serving in WW II

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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #4 on: April 06, 2014, 06:14:02 PM »
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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #5 on: April 06, 2014, 06:14:30 PM »
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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #6 on: April 06, 2014, 06:15:22 PM »
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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #7 on: April 06, 2014, 06:15:50 PM »
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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #8 on: April 06, 2014, 06:16:15 PM »
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—Actor Lee Marvin, circa, 1967, about serving in WW II

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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #9 on: April 06, 2014, 06:17:02 PM »
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—Actor Lee Marvin, circa, 1967, about serving in WW II

Offline Tom E. Gunn

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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #10 on: April 07, 2014, 01:09:31 AM »
JS...you are the custodian of a remarkable piece of history there which wouldn't go amiss in the Holocaust Museum! Thanks for the detailed insight into it. I've learned something today.
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Offline Brian D

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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #11 on: April 07, 2014, 06:45:18 AM »
Remarkable on so many levels Robin.  A fascinating piece, beautifully done, remembering a horrific time!  Thanks for sharing this with us here.
Always looking for 325th G.I.R. and WWII USMC items!

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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #12 on: April 07, 2014, 08:14:03 AM »
The piece is currently on loan to a large Synagogue for research, and as a classroom aid for the students.  :)
And once by God, I was a Marine!
—Actor Lee Marvin, circa, 1967, about serving in WW II

Offline Nige1940

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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #13 on: April 09, 2014, 04:11:17 AM »
an AMZAING piece JS , very poignant .another reminder that this can never be forgotten and how its so important to teach the younger generation of what happened . Sadly it's already being forgotten and seldom now taught in schools .
Looking for any British/commonwealth and USAAF/USN aviation headgear 1939-45.
 Flight Helmets O2masks Goggles communications gear or spate parts .
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Re: Prison Camp Model.....CAMP HALLEIN
« Reply #14 on: April 09, 2014, 11:43:58 PM »
The piece is currently on loan to a large Synagogue for research, and as a classroom aid for the students.  :)
very good, remarkable & historical items for sure
in the beginning of change, the patriot is a scarce, brave, hated and scorned man. when his cause succeeds, the timid will join him, for then it costs nothing to be a patriot.

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