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Author Topic: OPA Ration coupon  (Read 2407 times)

Offline Rakkasan187

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OPA Ration coupon
« on: February 24, 2015, 08:24:46 AM »
Almost everyone knows that during wartime foodstuffs and other items are rationed to the public so those resources can be used for the war effort and in supplying the soldiers, sailors, airmem and marines. Almost every Nation in World War Two for exampple had ration coupons, books, stamps and even ration points (cardboard) The OPA (Office of Price Administration) here in the US was responsible for the ration books and coupons.

Ration books, ration coupons and OPA points are still very collectible and readily availbale here in the US. The prices of these paper items can vary from the inexpensive to the more moderately priced. On occasion you may be able to pick up an entire lot of ration books for an entire family and it helps paint a picture for what the average citizen had to endure during WW2.

Below is a ration coupon for processed goods. Not a very common coupon, but a reminder of the sacrifices during wartime.


Here is some more information about the OPA.

The Office of Price Administration (OPA) was established within the Office for Emergency Management of the United States government by Executive Order 8875 on August 28, 1941. The functions of the OPA were originally to control money (price controls) and rents after the outbreak of World War II.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt revived the Advisory Commission to World War I Council on National Defense on May 29, 1940, to include Price Stabilization and Consumer Protection Divisions. Both divisions merged to become the Office of Price Administration and Civilian Supply (OPACS) within the Office for Emergency Management by Executive Order 8734, April 11, 1941. Civil supply functions were transferred to the Office of Production Management.

It became an independent agency under the Emergency Price Control Act, January 30, 1942. The OPA had the power to place ceilings on all prices except agricultural commodities, and to ration scarce supplies of other items, including tires, automobiles, shoes, nylon, sugar, gasoline, fuel oil, coffee, meats and processed foods. At the peak, almost 90% of retail food prices were frozen. It could also authorize subsidies for production of some of those commodities.

Most functions of the OPA were transferred to the newly established Office of Temporary Controls (OTC) by Executive Order 9809, December 12, 1946. The Financial Reporting Division was transferred to the Federal Trade Commission.

The OPA was abolished effective May 29, 1947, by the General Liquidation Order issued March 14, 1947, by the OPA Administrator. Some of its functions were taken up by successor agencies:
Sugar and sugar products distribution by the Sugar Rationing Administration in the Department of Agriculture pursuant to the Sugar Control Extension Act (61 Stat. 36), March 31, 1947
Price controls over rice by the Department of Agriculture by Executive Order 9841, on April 23, 1947, effective May 4, 1947
Food subsidies by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, effective May 4, 1947
Rent control by the Office of the Housing Expediter, effective May 4, 1947
Price violation litigation by the Department of Justice, effective June 1, 1947
 All other OPA functions by the Division of Liquidation, Department of Commerce, effective June 1, 1947.

 During the Korean War, similar functions were performed by the Office of Price Stabilization (OPS).

OPA points
OPA points are small vulcanized fiber red and blue ration tokens issued during World War II to make change for ration coupons. Approximately 1.1 billion red and 0.9 billion blue were produced, and even though many were collected and destroyed after the war, they are still quite common today. The red OPA points are a bit more common than the blue. Each token has two letters on it, and some people collect them by letter combination.

Smitty
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Offline littlebuddy

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Re: OPA Ration coupon
« Reply #1 on: February 24, 2015, 09:20:45 AM »
Would you believe it , I actually have some of those tokens! 

LB
2018 and STILL WANTED! a pair of RAF 1940 Patt boots and RAF life vest
Always looking for quality condition USAAF stationary,ephemera,equipment and clothing.
Starting to look for the harder to find items e.g. survival kits and items also woukd like to add a complete "Gibson Girl " set up
We are here for the collectors, not for profit. (PERIOD!)

Offline Tom E. Gunn

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Re: OPA Ration coupon
« Reply #2 on: February 24, 2015, 09:52:00 AM »
Carl...they no longer accept them at Tesco!  ;)
"He who dares, wins!"

Offline Rakkasan187

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Re: OPA Ration coupon
« Reply #3 on: February 24, 2015, 10:22:15 AM »
Homefront items are still readily available...

They don't bring the prices like an Omaha beach June 6, 44 grouping which is good because there are many out there who can't afford those groups but the homefront is also a very interesting area of WW2 militaria to collect...

Smitty
"Pain is only weakness leaving the body"

"What you do in Life, echos in Eternity"

MSG Leigh E Smith Jr (Smitty)
USA (ret) 1984-2005

EPFD 1997-2008

ASMIC Member
 
187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team Association Member (RAKKASANS)

VFW Member

Offline gldank

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Re: OPA Ration coupon
« Reply #4 on: February 25, 2015, 10:19:41 AM »
OPA Point Tokens: There were 30 known combinations of letters on the red ones and 24 known letter combinations on the blue ones. I pick them up when I see them at sales. Many people do not even know what they are. James
« Last Edit: February 25, 2015, 10:22:33 AM by gldank »
James

I am looking for anything related to General Malin Craig, US Army (1875-1945)

Offline Rakkasan187

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Re: OPA Ration coupon
« Reply #5 on: February 28, 2015, 05:53:26 AM »
James,

Thanks for the information, and yes I see them at shows quite often and folks don't know what they are. Some folks have told me that they are board game pieces...

Smitty
"Pain is only weakness leaving the body"

"What you do in Life, echos in Eternity"

MSG Leigh E Smith Jr (Smitty)
USA (ret) 1984-2005

EPFD 1997-2008

ASMIC Member
 
187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team Association Member (RAKKASANS)

VFW Member

 

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